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Handbook On The Special Tribunal For Lebanon

| 10/04/2008 |
Special Tribunal for Lebanon

On February 14, 2005, a car bomb explosion killed former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri and several other people in his convoy. The attack triggered mass protests in Beirut and sparked anti-Syrian sentiment in Lebanon. Hariri had increasingly been at odds with Syria’s government, opposing the far-reaching Damascus influence in Lebanon. However, while political tensions provided a setting for the attack, no specific cause has as yet been identified. Responding to calls for an inquiry into the matter, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1595, which set up an international commission of investigation. The Mehlis report – named after the chief investigator, Detlev Mehlis – implicated top Syrian and Lebanese officials in the attack.

Syria denied any involvement in the Hariri killing and expressed concern that the probe could become politicized. Observers and political analysts suggested that the bombing provided an opportunity for some anti-Syria governments to further isolate Damascus and maybe even push for regime change. France, which historically has strong ties with Lebanon (it is the former colonial power), condemned the assassination as well as the heavy Syrian presence in Lebanon. Meanwhile, Washington has been particularly keen to deter Syria because of perceived Syrian complicity in movement of arms and fighters across the eastern border into US-occupied Iraq.

In April 2005, Syria withdrew its troops from Lebanon but the government of Bashar al-Assad did not fully cooperate with the UN investigation panel. On October 31, 2005, the Security Council passed Resolution 1636 calling for Syrian cooperation and setting up sanctions against individuals suspected by the Commission of playing a role in the assassination. Belgian prosecutor Serge Brammertz succeeded Mehlis as head of the UN investigation after Security Council Resolution 1644 extended the Commission’s mandate. In compliance with a request from Lebanese Prime Minister Fouad Siniora, the same resolution also authorized the United Nations to assist Lebanon with setting up a special court to try suspects in the murders. However, in light of deep divisions in Lebanon’s government, the requirement that Parliament ratify the UN agreement on the court could further delay the justice process.

Download Penal law Pdf Handbook on the Special Tribunal for Lebanon

Penal law in Lebanon: Criminal Law, Penal Regulations, Lebanon law, Legal Lebanon, Law Services, Droit Penal, Lebanon Justice, Lebanon Human Rights, Organization.

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